Contoh Quoting: How to Quote Properly in Indonesian

Quoting is an essential part of writing in any language, and Indonesian is no exception. Whether you’re writing an essay, article, or research paper, you need to know how to quote properly to support your arguments and give credit to the original sources. In this article, we’ll discuss contoh quoting or quoting examples in Indonesian, including the rules, types, and tips for using quotes effectively.

What is Contoh Quoting?

Contoh quoting is the Indonesian term for quoting examples or using quotes in writing. Quoting means using someone else’s words or ideas in your own writing and giving credit to the original source. Contoh quoting is essential in academic and professional writing to support your arguments, show evidence, and avoid plagiarism.

Contoh quoting can be used in many ways, such as:

  • Quoting a famous person or authority to support your argument
  • Quoting a source to show evidence or data
  • Quoting a source to refute or criticize an argument
  • Quoting a source to illustrate or explain a concept

Contoh quoting can be done in two ways: direct quotes and indirect quotes.

Direct Quotes in Contoh Quoting

Direct quotes are the exact words of the original source, enclosed in quotation marks and cited with the author’s name and page number. Direct quotes are used when the original wording is important, or when you want to show the author’s tone, style, or perspective.

Example of a direct quote:

“Saya sangat senang bisa menjadi bagian dari tim ini,” kata John, ketua tim olahraga.

Translation: “I’m very happy to be part of this team,” said John, the sports team captain.

In this example, the direct quote shows John’s exact words and his position as the captain of the sports team. The quote is enclosed in quotation marks and cited with his name and title.

Indirect Quotes in Contoh Quoting

Indirect quotes, also known as paraphrasing or summarizing, are the author’s own words that convey the meaning of the original source. Indirect quotes are used when the wording is not important, or when you want to express the source’s ideas in your own words.

Example of an indirect quote:

Menurut penelitian terbaru, makanan organik lebih sehat daripada makanan non-organik.

Translation: According to recent research, organic food is healthier than non-organic food.

In this example, the indirect quote summarizes the main idea of the research without using the exact words. The quote is not enclosed in quotation marks but cited with the source of the research.

Rules for Contoh Quoting

There are several rules to follow when using contoh quoting in Indonesian:

  1. Use quotation marks for direct quotes
  2. Cite the author’s name and page number for direct quotes
  3. Use your own words for indirect quotes
  4. Cite the source for indirect quotes
  5. Use contoh quoting sparingly and only when necessary
  6. Avoid overusing long quotes or block quotes
  7. Avoid quoting unreliable sources or hearsay

By following these rules, you can use contoh quoting effectively and avoid plagiarism or misrepresentation of sources.

Tips for Contoh Quoting

Here are some tips for using contoh quoting effectively:

  • Choose quotes that are relevant, concise, and impactful
  • Introduce quotes with a signal phrase or context
  • Explain or analyze quotes after using them
  • Use quotes to support your own arguments, not replace them
  • Use quotes to show diversity of opinions or perspectives
  • Edit or format quotes to fit your writing style or audience

By following these tips, you can use contoh quoting to enhance your writing and engage your readers.


Contoh quoting is an important skill for any writer in Indonesian. By using quotes effectively and ethically, you can enhance your arguments, show evidence, and give credit to the original sources. Whether you’re writing an academic paper, article, or blog post, contoh quoting can help you communicate your ideas clearly and persuasively.